With the professionalisation of female football, the demand for training and matches has significantly increased in the last years. As a result, the overall injury rate is already similar to that of male football and the percentage of serious injuries is even higher.
In the last few years, the football world has shown an unstoppable interest in breaching the gender gap with the aim of reaching the wanted equality between women and men.
In this sense, medical evaluations carried out during the pre-season are considered an essential tool for both young and adult athletes.
Apophysitis is a common disease in children and adolescents between 9 and 18 years old, and it is very frequent in young and adolescent athletes.
The use of regenerative medicine in fields such as injury recovery or disease or tumour treatments caused an authentic paradigm change in the way medical interventions were proposed.
How to heal what we cannot see? Medicine faces illnesses, injuries or ailments on a daily basis which cannot be directly observed.
Some athletes call it the evil injury. Anyone who follows sports competitions will understand this perfectly:: Currently, Achilles tendon rupture is an injury that, in the best case, will keep an athlete away from the field for a long period of time.
Even though environmental pollution is one of the most concerning problems in society, scientific research on how pollution affects professional sport has just taken its first steps. There are several studies about how the environment affects workers and the general population, but athletes are not often the subjects of study even though their inhalation is greater during physical activity. The only fact documented is that exposure to emissions causes oxidative stress and inflammation in the cardiovascular system in the long term.
Nobody calls into question that exercising is beneficial for our health. Besides, these benefits are multisystem, which means that they affect the many systems of our body in a coordinated way (e.g., cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, etc.) One of these systems is the immune one, divided into the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system. Among many other functions, these systems are in charge of protecting us against infections, and their importance has been proven during the COVID-19 pandemic. But, how does exercise affect our immune system?